Erica L. Groshen, Commissioner, Bureau of Labor Statistics
April 4 2014 - "Nonfarm payroll employment rose by 192,000 in March, and
the unemployment rate was unchanged at 6.7 percent. Employment
increased in professional and business services, in health care,
and in mining and logging.
"Incorporating the revisions for January and February, which
increased total nonfarm employment by 37,000 on net, monthly job
gains have averaged 178,000 over the past 3 months. In the 12
months prior to March, employment growth averaged 183,000 per
"All of the net job growth in March occurred in the private
sector, which now has exceeded its employment level in December
2007, when the most recent recession began. The private sector
lost 8.8 million jobs during the labor market downturn and has
gained 8.9 million since the employment low in February 2010.
However, government employment is down since the recession began
(-535,000), and therefore total nonfarm employment remains below
(-422,000) its December 2007 level.
"In March, employment in professional and business services
rose (+57,000) in line with the prior 12-month average. Within
the industry, temporary help services added 29,000 jobs in
March. Employment growth in temporary help services had averaged
20,000 per month in the prior 12 months.
"Health care employment rose by 19,000 in March, with gains
in ambulatory health care services (which includes home health
care and outpatient care centers). In the prior 12 months, job
growth in health care had averaged 17,000 per month, with most
of the growth occurring in ambulatory care. In March, nursing
care facilities lost 5,000 jobs.
"Employment in mining and logging rose by 7,000 in March,
led by gains in support activities for mining (+5,000). Mining
and logging has added 38,000 jobs over the year.
"Employment in food services and drinking places continued
to trend up in March (+30,000). This industry has added 323,000
jobs over the year.
"Employment continued to trend up in construction in March
(+19,000) and is up by 151,000 over the past 12 months.
"Employment in other major industries, including
manufacturing, wholesale trade, and retail trade, changed little
"Average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm
payrolls edged lower by 1 cent in March, after rising by 9 cents
in February. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings
have risen by 2.1 percent. From February 2013 to February 2014,
the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose by
"In March, the average workweek for all employees on private
nonfarm payrolls increased to 34.5 hours, offsetting a net
decline over the prior 3 months.
"Turning now to our survey of households, the unemployment
rate, at 6.7 percent, was unchanged in March, and the number of
unemployed persons remained at 10.5 million. The number of
unemployed persons who had been jobless for 27 weeks or more was
little changed (3.7 million). These individuals accounted for
35.8 percent of the unemployed.
"Both the civilian labor force and total employment
increased in March. The labor force participation rate (63.2
percent) and the employment-population ratio (58.9 percent)
changed little over the month.
"Among persons who were neither working nor looking for work
in March, 2.2 million were classified as marginally attached to
the labor force, little changed from a year earlier. (These
individuals had not looked for work in the 4 weeks prior to the
survey but wanted a job, were available for work, and had looked
for a job within the last 12 months.) The number of discouraged
workers, a subset of the marginally attached who believed that
no jobs were available for them, edged down over the year to
698,000 in March.
"In summary, employment rose by 192,000 in March, and the
unemployment rate was unchanged at 6.7 percent."
Source: Bureau of Labour Statistics, US Department of Labor